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What is Silicone Injection Molding
Nov 25, 2017

What is Silicone Injection Molding

Silicone injection molding is an economical(cost effective) and widely used industrial process for manufacturing a wide range of goods made of silicone.the silicone injection molding for aero-space applications, sealing membranes for industrial use, electrical connection insulators, and even baking pans and spatulas. Silicone rubber products are mass produced using machines of various sizes.


The main types of silicone rubbers are liquid silicone rubber (LSR), flourosilicone rubber (FSR), high consistency silicone rubber (HCR), and fluoro-liquid silicone rubber (F-LSR). While all variants of this family of thermoset elastomers are used with the injection molding process, LSR and F-LSR can be formed only by injection molding. Silicone injection molding is used to make products for a wide variety of industries, including agricultural, aviation and aerospace, energy, and medical and health care.

The basic idea in any injection molding process is that a machine will mix together two component resins along with a catalyst and, often, a coloring agent. The machine will then force the mixture into the mold where it will cure, setting into the shape of the mold. Typical machines used for silicone injection molding have six essential parts: injectors, metering units, supply drums, mixers, a nozzle, and the mold clamp.

Injectors push the silicone rubber into the pumping section under pressure. The operator can adjust the pressure and pumping rate to the best level for the product being made. Metering units pump the component resins in carefully controlled portions, releasing them simultaneously at a constant ratio. Supply drums contain the resins; often another drum will contain pigment.

The components are pumped into the mechanical mixer, where they are mixed. After mixing, the LSR or F-LSR is forced through the nozzle into the mold. Nozzles usually have automatic shut off valves to prevent over-filling or leaking. The mold clamp is a device that is triggered in coordination with the injector, pump, and supply units. It secures the mold in place and opens it when the product is cured.

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